Iran in Latin America: Threat or Axis of Annoyance?

Senior Fellow Douglas Farah's analysis of the debate over the level of threat posed by Iran's expanding diplomatic, trade and military presence in Latin America, and its stated ambition to continue to broaden these more

Chinese Naval Modernization: Altering the Balance of Power

Richard Fisher details China's naval modernization program and the potential impacts on U.S. interests in the Western more

Military Balance Databases


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Pakistan’s Long Range Ballistic Missiles: A View From IDEAS
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on November 1st, 2004
With the October 11 test firing of its Ghauri (Hatf 5), the Pakistan Army Strategic Forces Command within about a year has test-launched all of its major ballistic missiles. Although exact production numbers for its major missiles have not been revealed, the latest launch cycle confirms that Pakistan has in place a two-tiered missile force based on short-range (SRBMs) and medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs). For Islamabad, its nuclear capable missiles are the ultimate deterrent to its larger and long-feared neighbor India. Pakistan has also used the threat of nuclear attack to deter a conventional Indian attack. Pakistan also enjoys status within the Islamic world for being its only nuclear missile-armed member. read more
China’s New Strategic Cruise Missiles: From the Land, Sea and Air
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on June 3rd, 2005
On April 24 a Taiwan intelligence source disclosed  what has now been expected for several years: in 2005 the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) will begin to deploy the first versions of its new 1,000km+ range subsonic-speed strategic land attack cruise missile (LACM).  For the PLA both the development of long-range LACMs and defense against U.S. LACMs have been a very high priority.  In development since the 1970s, China’s new LACM is expected to approximate the performance and tactical flexibility of the U.S. RGM/UGM-109 TOMAHAWK and eventually will eventually be fielded in ground, submarine, ship and air launched versions. This means a new stage of power-projection for the PLA—global non-nuclear more
Growing Asymmetries in the China-Japan Naval Balance
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on November 22nd, 2005
China’s increasingly conspicuous assertion of claims to maritime territorial and resource areas adjacent to those claimed by Japan highlights both the increasing potential for maritime incidents, and the growing asymmetries in the China-Japan naval more
The Flanker Fleet -The PLA's 'Big Stick'
by Dr. Carlo Kopp

Published on May 3rd, 2006
The PLA's acquisition, since 1991, of nearly 300 Sukhoi Su-27/30 Flanker long range fighter aircraft, represents the single greatest investment in modern fighter aircraft seen since the Soviet re-equipment with the Su-27 and MiG-29 during the more
International Defense Exhibition Land Forces 2006: Highlighting Growing Russia-China Airborne Troops Cooperation
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on October 1st, 2006
From August 2-6, 2006, Moscow was host to the second International Defense Exhibition Land Force (IDELF), which heavily featured Russia’s Vozdushno Desantniy Voisk (VDV), or Airborne Force. This show coincided with Airborne Forces Day on August 2, the 76th anniversary of the VDV, which in Russia has the same macho reputation as the U.S. Marines. This show, however, has faced some challenges. Led by the Russian Bizon Group, this IDELF was advertised in 2005 as a much larger bi-annual ground forces show that would take place at the well developed exhibition areas at Zhukovski Airfield. But this is also the location of the bi-annual Moscow Airshow, in turn controlled by a competing military events group, which forced IDELF into a much smaller Moscow venue. IDELF was also constrained by its failure to attract a larger array of Russian armor and land-weapon manufacturers, which had remained loyal to the more established bi-annual army weapons show in Nizhny Tagil, located North of Ekatrinburg in the Ural Mountains. A firepower display was hosted on a Russian Army base in the Moscow suburbs, but only featured Ministry of Internal Affairs Special Forces, a token Airborne Forces display and no Russian Army forces. However, it is not uncommon for Russian military show upstarts to face such challenges; some observers predict that this show will eventually gain traction and move to a larger more
PLA Navy Carrier Update and Euro-Naval Notes
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on November 7th, 2006
The most important news to emerge from the Euronaval weapons show at Le Bourget field near Paris, October 23-27, was word that Russia had agreed to sell China two Sukhoi Su-33 carrier-based fighters, with the possibility of selling up to 48 or 50 of these fighters. These would arm the three carrier battle groups that, according to Chinese press reports, are on track to be ready in a little more than a decade. Should these fighters receive a maximum Russian upgrade, then the PLA Navy could possess fighters that in important respects would be superior the U.S. Navy F/A-18E/F, the dominant U.S. Navy combat aircraft for the foreseeable more
China’s Direct Ascent ASAT
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on January 20th, 2007
"China is believed to be conducting research and development on a direct-ascent ASAT [anti-satellite] system that could be fielded in the 2005-2010 timeframe." This prediction from the 2003 Department of Defense annual report on Chinese military modernization became a reality on January 11, 2007 when a Chinese direct ascent ASAT intercepted and destroyed a Chinese weather satellite over China. read more
Two Cheers For the 2007 PLA Report
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on June 20th, 2007
Again on May 25th, as mandated by the Congress since 1997, the Department of Defense issued its annual report on China’s military power. This report is now one of the most important annual statements by any U.S. agency, as for a global audience it has become perhaps the most dispassionate and reliable description of China’s strategic intentions and military capabilities. The PRC abhors military transparency—as has every Chinese government since Sun Zi stressed the central need to conceal and deceive two and a half millennia ago. This report therefore helps define the military component of China’s "rise" to a degree that China’s leaders are wholly unwilling to do themselves. read more
Chinese Aspects of Singapore’s IMDEX Naval Technology Show
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on June 20th, 2007
From May 15 to 18 Singapore hosted its bi-annual IMDEX naval technology show. One of this show’s highlights was the participation, for the second time since 2003, of a warship from China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), to join the show’s Tour of Warships. This visit also served to symbolize China’s enhanced effort in recent years to complement its already decisive economic and political engagement of Southeast Asia with growing military engagement. In particular, China is for the first time in many years making a serious push to sell arms to its Southeast Asian neighbors, to parallel its strategic dialogues through ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Regional Forum (ARF), its vigorous military diplomacy, and a more recent initiatives to undertake multilateral military exercises with ASEAN more
. . .And Races Into Space
The Wall Street Journal Asia
by Richard Fisher, Jr.

Published on January 3rd, 2008
China's military has long harbored ambitions of dominating space, as last year's satellite-targeting exercise showed. Now comes news that Chinese engineers may be much further along than previously thought in achieving one of their major goals: building a military space more
Total Records: 118
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